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Cormeilles En Vexin Airport



Pontoise - Cormeilles Aerodrome
Aérodrome de Pontoise - Cormeilles
IATA: POX – ICAO: LFPT

Pontoise - Cormeilles
Location of airport in France
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Aeroports de Paris
Serves Pontoise
Location Boissy l'Aillerie, France
Elevation AMSL 325 ft / 99 m
Coordinates 49°05′48″N 002°02′27″E / 49.09667°N 2.04083°E / 49.09667; 2.04083
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 1,689 5,541 Asphalt
12/30 1,650 5,413 Asphalt
Sources: AIP, UAF, DAFIF

Pontoise Aerodrome or Pontoise – Cormeilles Aerodrome (French: Aérodrome de Pontoise - Cormeilles) (IATA: POX, ICAO: LFPT) is an airport located 7 km (3.8 NM) northwest of Pontoise in Boissy l'Aillerie near Cormeilles-en-Vexin, all communes of the Val-d'Oise department in the Île-de-France region in northern France. The airport is also located 16 miles (26 km) northwest of Paris.

It supports mostly general aviation, however scheduled flights by Aigle Azur (between 1988 and 1995) and Debonair (between November 1998 and October 1999) have operated from the airport daily to London (Gatwick and Luton), using Embraer and BAe 146-100 and 200. There were also seasonal daily flights to Brighton (seaside resort south of London) operated by the company Skysouth, using a Piper Chieftain.

History

Built in 1937, the airfield was used by the French Army prior to World War II.

German use during World War II

Seized by the Germans in June 1940 during the Battle of France, Cormeilles-en-Vexin was used as a Luftwaffe military airfield during the occupation. Known units assigned (all from Luftlotte 3, Fliegerkorps IV):

  • Kampfgeschwader 76 (KG 76) June 1940-7 June 1941 Dornier Do 17Z; Junkers Ju 88A
  • Kampfgeschwader 53 (KG 53) 22 November-30 December 1942 Heinkel He 111
  • Kampfgeschwader 6 (KG 6) 6 December 1942-September 1943 Junkers Ju 88A
  • Jagdgeschwader 2 (JG 2) 27 November 1943-7 June 1944 Focke-Wulf Fw 190A
  • Kampfgeschwader 66 (KG 66) February-June 1944 Junkers Ju 188

KG 76 participated in the Battle of Britain; KG 53 and KG 6 performed night bombing raids over England; KG 6 was a day interceptor unit against Eighth Air Force bombing raids; KG 66 flew raids over Allied shipping around England. The Luftwaffe also constructed two concrete, all weather runways, both of which are still in use today.

Largely due to its use as a base for Fw-190 interceptors, Cormeilles was attacked by USAAF Ninth Air Force B-26 Marauder medium bombers and P-47 Thunderbolts mostly with 500-pound General-Purpose bombs; unguided rockets and .50 caliber machine gun sweeps when Eighth Air Force heavy bombers (B-17s, B-24s) were within interception range of the Luftwaffe aircraft assigned to the base. The attacks were timed to have the maximum effect possible to keep the interceptors pinned down on the ground and be unable to attack the heavy bombers. Also the P-51 Mustang fighter-escort groups of Eighth Air Force would drop down on their return back to England and attack the base with a fighter sweep and attack any target of opportunity to be found at the airfield.

American use

It was liberated by Allied ground forces about 6 September 1944 during the Northern France Campaign. Almost immediately, the United States Army Air Force IX Engineer Command 818th Engineer Aviation Battalion cleared the airport of mines and destroyed Luftwaffe aircraft. Due to the Allied air attacks on the base, a significant amount of battle damage was sustained, which needed to be repaired to put the base back into operational use. The airport became a USAAF Ninth Air Force combat airfield, designated as "A-59" about a week later, on 15 September. It was also known as "Cormeilles-En-Vexin Advanced Landing Ground".

Under American control, the Ninth Air Force assigned the 344th Bombardment Group, flying B-26 Marauder medium bombers to the airfield on 30 September 1944, remaining at the base until 9 April 1945. The 410th Bombardment Group replaced the 344th with A-26 Invader medium bombers in May, remaining until June when they were withdrawn. The Americans returned full control of the airport to French authorities on 17 July 1945.

Modern

After the war, the airport was refurbished and reopened for public use in August 1946. Since April 21, 1949, the airport has been managed by Aéroports de Paris. What appears to be a government or military aircraft parking ramp on the southeast side of the airfield, along with several new hangars and support infrastructure, are separate from the civil airport.

A memorial to the American use of the airport has been erected near the Control Tower

Facilities

The airport resides at an elevation of 325 feet (99 m) above mean sea level. It has two paved runways. The main runway is 05/23 which measures 1,689 by 50 metres (5,541 × 164 ft) and is equipped with ILS. The secondary runway is 12/30 measuring 1,650 by 50 metres (5,413 × 164 ft).

  • An area of 235 hectares (580 acres)
  • 4 Warehouses
  • Number of companies based: 5
  • A parking area 12,400 square meters and 3 aircraft hangars of 10,000 square meters.
  • Airport Assistance for business aviation and airlines
  • Ameridair Handling
  • French Aviation Handling

Airlines and destinations

  • Ambeo (Charter Company operating Cessna Citation Mustang)

Flying clubs

  • Aéropilot
  • ASTH
  • CPAC
  • Hispano-Suiza

Relics

Many wartime relics can be found at the airport:

  • Luftwaffe barracks, water tower and what appears to be a parachute training tower: 49°05′15″N 002°02′00″E / 49.0875°N 2.0333333°E / 49.0875; 2.0333333 (Luftwaffe barracks)
  • Hardstands and dispersal sites: 49°05′09″N 002°02′58″E / 49.08583°N 2.04944°E / 49.08583; 2.04944 (Hardstands)
  • Luftwaffe aircraft hangar: 49°04′57″N 002°01′54″E / 49.0825°N 2.03167°E / 49.0825; 2.03167 (Luftwaffe aircraft hangar)
  • Ammunition dump with many concrete bunkers (in wooded area): 49°05′08″N 002°01′50″E / 49.08556°N 2.03056°E / 49.08556; 2.03056 (Ammunition dump)


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General Info
Country France
ICAO ID LFPT
Time UTC+1(+2DT)
Latitude 49.096647
49° 05' 47.93" N
Longitude 2.040833
002° 02' 27.00" E
Elevation 325 feet
99 meters
Type Civil
Magnetic Variation 001° W (01/06)
Operating Agency CIVIL GOVERNMENT, (LANDING FEES AND DIPLOMATIC CLEARANCE MAY BE REQUIRED)
Near City Pontoise
Operating Hours SEE REMARKS FOR OPERATING HOURS OR COMMUNICATIONS FOR POSSIBLE HOURS
Daylight Saving Time Last Sunday in March to last Sunday in October


Communications
PONTOISE TWR 121.2
119.7
ATIS 124.125
PONTOISE APP 118.8


Runways
ID Dimensions Surface PCN ILS
05/23 5541 x 164 feet
1689 x 50 meters
ASPHALT 011FDWT YES
12/30 5413 x 164 feet
1650 x 50 meters
ASPHALT 012FCYU NO


Navaids
Type ID Name Channel Freq Distance From Field Bearing From Navaid
VOR PON PONTOISE - 111.6 At Field -


Supplies/Equipment
Fuel Jet A1, without icing nhibitor.

100/130 MIL Spec, low lead, aviation gasoline (BLUE)
Oil O-113, 1065, Reciprocating Engine Oil (MIL L 6082)

O-123, 1065,(Dispersant)Reciprocating Engine Oil(MIL L 22851 Type III)

O-149, Aircraft Turbine Engine Synthetic 7.5c St


Remarks
CSTMS/IMG Avbl 24 hr PN Tue-Sat; O/R prior 1700Z++ previous day Sun, Mon and hol.
FUEL North area avbl 0700-1800Z++ Mon-Sun. (NC-100LL, A1); Fone C01 30 17 24 10, C0130 31 16 16. South area avbl HX (NC-100LL).
LGT PAPI Rwy 05 and Rwy 23 GS 3.25 .
MISC Class D Airspace 0600-2130Z++. OT Class G.
OPR HOURS Opr 0600-2130Z++, OT O/R prior 1600Z++.
RSTD NORDO proh. Arpt rstd to acft with Max tkof wt 37,478 lbs.



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The content above was published at Airports-Worldwide.com in 2010.
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