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Velizy Airport



Vélizy - Villacoublay Air Base


Base aérienne 107

Eurocopter AS 332 Super Puma
IATA: none – ICAO: LFPV
Summary
Operator French Air Force
Location Villacoublay, France
Elevation AMSL 584 ft / 178 m
Coordinates 48°46′23″N 002°11′59″E / 48.77306°N 2.19972°E / 48.77306; 2.19972
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
09/27 5948 1813 Asphalt
11/29 4000 1212 Closed

Vélizy – Villacoublay Air Base (French: Base aérienne 107 Vélizy-Villacoublay) (ICAO: LFPV) is a French Air Force (French: Armée de l'Air (ALA) base. The base is located approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) southeast of Vélizy-Villacoublay; about 8 miles (13 km) southwest of Paris.

Units

The base is the home station for the following units:

  • Staffs of the northern area, the command of the air force of projection (COFOG) and of the command air of the monitoring systems, of information and communications (CASSIC).
  • Helicopter Squadron 03/067
  • Commando Parachute Unit N20
  • Other non-French Air Force Units (ALAT, air forces of gendarmerie, COS).

Aircraft

Aircraft assigned to the base are:

  • 2 A319 Airbus
  • 3 Eurocopter AS332 Super Puma
  • 1 Dassault Falcon 20 (Mystère 20)
  • 8 FENNEC
  • 4 FALCON 50
  • 2 FALCON 900
  • 6 TBM700

History

Villacoublay Air Base was built prior to World War II as a French Air Force facility.

German use during World War II

Seized by the Germans in June 1940 during the Battle of France, Villacoublay was used as a Luftwaffe military airfield during the occupation. Known units assigned (all from Luftlotte 3, Fliegerkorps IV):

  • Kampfgeschwader 55 (KG 55) 21 June 1940-16 June 1941 Heinkel He 111P/H (Fusalage Code: G1+)
  • Kampfgeschwader 27 (KG 27) Jun-July 1940 Heinkel He 111P (Fusalage Code: 1G+)
  • Aufklärungsgruppe 14 (AFG 14) Nov 1940-May 1941 Junkers Ju 88
  • Jagdfliegerschule 5 (JFS 5) Jun 1941-24 February 1943Messerschmitt Bf 109
  • Jagdgeschwader 105 (JG 105)25 February-31 August 1943Messerschmitt Bf 109
  • Jagdgeschwader 54 (JG 54) 7 June-5 September 1944 Focke-Wulf Fw 190A

KG 55 and KG 27 took part in the Battle of Britain; AFG 14 was a photoreconnaissance organization; JFS 5 was a training unit for Bf 109 pilots; JG 105 and JG 54 were day inerceptor units against Eighth Air Force heavy bombers.

It was attacked on several occasions by heavy bombers of both the United States Army Air Force Eighth and Fifteenth Air Forces during 1943 and early 1944. Largely due to its use as a base for Bf-109 and Fw-190 interceptors, Villacoublay was attacked by USAAF Ninth Air Force B-26 Marauder medium bombers and P-47 Thunderbolts mostly with 500-pound General-Purpose bombs; unguided rockets and .50 caliber machine gun sweeps when Eighth Air Force heavy bombers (B-17s, B-24s) were within interception range of the Luftwaffe aircraft assigned to the base. The attacks were timed to have the maximum effect possible to keep the interceptors pinned down on the ground and be unable to attack the heavy bombers. Also the P-51 Mustang fighter-escort groups of Eighth Air Force would drop down on their return back to England and attack the base with a fighter sweep and attack any target of opportunity to be found at the airfield.

American use

It was liberated by Allied ground forces about 27 August 1944 during the Northern France Campaign. Almost immediately, the USAAF IX Engineer Command 818th Engineer Aviation Battalion began clearing the base of mines and destroyed Luftwaffe aircraft; filling bomb craters in the runway with rubble and an asphalt patch along with repairing operational facilities for use by American aircraft. Subsequently, Villacoublay became a USAAF Ninth Air Force combat airfield, designated as "A-42" about 30 August, only a few days after its capture from German forces.

Almost immediately, the 48th Fighter Group moved into the repaired air base, flying P-47 Thunderbolts from 29 August until 15 September 1944. The combat unit moved east along with the advancing Allied forces and Villacoublay became a supply and maintenance base for combat aircraft, becoming the home of the 370th Air Service Group and several Air Materiel squadrons from Air Technical Service Command. It was also given the designation of AAF-180. In addition, numerous C-47 Skytrain squadrons moved in and out, supporting airborne operations, including Operation Varsity, and Allied airborne crossing of the Rhine in March 1945.

After the war ended, Villacoublay remained under American control, designated as AAF Station Villacoublay. It was assigned to the United States Air Forces in Europe as a transport base by the C-47 Skytrain-equipped 314th Troop Carrier Group. It remained under USAFE control until 31 August 1946 when it was returned to the French Air Force.

Current

The base has been totally rebuilt since with war. The prewar/wartime runway, 11/29 is now closed and a new east-west 6000' (1800m) runway 09/27 laid down along with expanded aircraft parking areas and multiple hangars as part of an operational NATO air base.



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General Info
Country France
ICAO ID LFPV
Time UTC+1(+2DT)
Latitude 48.774406
48° 46' 27.86" N
Longitude 2.201536
002° 12' 05.53" E
Elevation 584 feet
178 meters
Type Military
Magnetic Variation 001° W (01/06)
Operating Agency MILITARY
Near City Villacoublay
Operating Hours SEE REMARKS FOR OPERATING HOURS OR COMMUNICATIONS FOR POSSIBLE HOURS
International Clearance Status Airport of Entry
Daylight Saving Time Last Sunday in March to last Sunday in October


Communications
VILLA TWR 122.1
128.95
121.875
374.775
257.8
VILLA OPS
Ctc 15 min out.
138.9
VILLA GND 121.875
VILLA APP/DEP 119.425
120.8
123.3
142.45
233.675
(119.425 DEP)(120.8 ARR)


Runways
ID Dimensions Surface PCN ILS
09/27 5948 x 148 feet
1813 x 45 meters
ASPHALT 037FCWT YES


Navaids
Type ID Name Channel Freq Distance From Field Bearing From Navaid
NDB TA VILLACOUBLAY - 286.5 4.0 NM 089.8


Supplies/Equipment
Fuel Jet A1+, Jet A1 with icing inhibitor.
Oil O-156, MIL L 23699 (Synthetic Base)Turboprop/Turboshaft Engine
Other Fluids OXRB, Oxygen replacement bottles

OX, Indicates oxygen servicing when type of servicing is unknown


Remarks
FLUID OXRB
FUEL A1+
LGT PAPI not useable.
OIL O-156
OPR HOURS Opr 0700-2000Z++ Mon-Fri. OT arpt clsd wo perms of the North Air Region. Afld clsd to all tfc, exc emerg, btn 0800 and 1100Z++ on the fst Wed of ea month for maint.
RSTD PPR. Rpt PPR Nr in FPL item 18. Ovft proh blw 1000' AGL.
RWY PCN fr Rwy 09 thld for 607' is 27 F/C/W/T.



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