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Hopsten Military Airfield

Hopsten Military Airfield Hopsten (Rheine) fighter base

Opened before 1945. GAF fighter base

Now - GAF fighter base (Bundeswehr Luftwaffe).

In the history of military aviation, Hopsten AB has been well known for more than half a Century. The area was used long before the Second World War as an airfield for the locally based fighter and bomber units. In 1938, the military leadership ordered the construction of a small airfield - then only measuring 200 hectares - in the vicinity of Dreierwalde. The construction on the state-owned land was managed and surveyed by the Luftbauamt 6 in Münster. Known under the designation "Rheiner Bauabschnitt 2", the airfield project was to receive three runways. The paved main east-west runway had a length of 1.800 meters. The other two runways run from north to south and from southwest to northeast, each of these was 1.000 meters and destined for use mainly by fighter units. After the completion of the new airfield in 1939, it was difficult to choose a name for the base as the Citizens of Dreierwalde refused to allow the use of their village name for the installation. Only after a further extension of the area between 1940 and 1944, lengthening the main runway to 3.000 meters into the boundary of the village of Hopsten, was the name Hopsten AB adopted and remains to this date. The map shows the east-west direction of the main runway between the villages of Hopsten and Dreierwalde as well as the other two runways running north to south and southwest to northeast. On official opening day of the airfield, October 25, 1939, the 1. Gruppe, Jagdgeschwader 27 (lead by Hauptmann Riegel) transferred 48 Me 109E-1 from Münster-Handorf to Hopsten. Led by its first Kommodore - Oberstleutnant Max Ibel, the unit was ready for the so called "Reichsverteidigung", (i.e. the defence of the Reich). Because of political and Strategic changes Hopsten AB played only a secondary role as an operational base for the Luftwaffe in the opening stages of the Second World War. In the years between 1939 and 1944, the base was used only for short periods by different day and night fighter units as well as various bomber wings. This time was used to further extend the air base. During this phase expropriations took place in the nearby villages of Hopsten and Hörstel. In the northern part of the airfield, between Dreierwalde and Hopsten, new housing for the base administration was set up, as well as additional ramp space and taxiways for aircraft.

Hopsten Military Airfield When the NAZI-Regime became was forced on the defence, the tranquility of the first years of the war was to change for Hopsten. In Summer 1944 it became clear that the location of Hopsten AB was an asset in the air defence of the Reich. From fall of 1944 onwards, Hopsten AB became a hub for a multitude of Luftwaffe activity. Daily operations were conducted with famous aircraft such as the Bf 109. Bf 110, Heinkel He 111, He 219 and Focke Wulf 190. Starting in September 1944, the Me 262 equipped Kampfgeschwader 51 "Edelweiß" was based at Hopsten and flew among other missions, against the allied occupied air base of Ath-Chievrés near Mons, Belgium, where the unit had been based just weeks before. From December 1944 the 6. Kampfgeschwader 76 with the Reconnaissance Group "Sperling" equipped with Arado Ar 234 jets was also based at Hopsten. At first, the unit was mainly used in the reconnaissance role but later they were also used on attack mis­sions on the bridge over the Rhine near Remagen. The almost complete air superiority of the Allies over German air defences made even these technically advanced flights very risky. In the end, the take-offs and landings of the jets had to be covered by large numbers of conventional fighters to guarantee minimum chances of success. A number of fighter units were used to protect the jets in their most critical flying phases of take-off and landing against allied fighter and bombers. Employed units were:
- II./Jagdgeschwader 1 from Drope near Lingen.
- III./Jagdgeschwader 1 from Rheine-Bentlage AB.
- Stab and I./Jagdgeschwader 26 from Drope and Fürstenau,
- II./Jagdgeschwader 26 from Nordhorn,
- III./Jagdgeschwader 26 from Plantlünne,
- Stab and l./Jagdgeschwader 27 from Rheine-Bentlage,
- II./ Jagdgeschwader 27 based locally at Hopsten,
- III./ Jagdgeschwader 27 from Hesepe,
- IV./ Jagdgeschwader 27 from Achmer and
- III./ Jagdgeschwader 54 "Grünherz" with its JG 190D-9 from Varrelbusch, Vörden and Fürstenau.

The end of the Luftwaffe could be seen to emerge after the January 1, 1945. With the remaining pilots and aircraft “Unternehmen Bodenplatte” was launched. The objective of the Operation was to decimate the allied aviation units on the ground within the liberated parts of Western Europe with fighter-bombers, during on early morning massive air strike. The allied numeric air superiority, inexperience of the young German pilots and the lack of advance knowledge of the Operation being given to German anti-aircraft defence units made this insane Operation a huge failure. After this operation the remainder of Kampfgeschwader 51 “Edelweiß” with its Me 262 aircraft was transferred from Rheine-Hopsten to Giebelstadt on March 30, 1945. Until the occupation of the base in early April 1945, Jagdgeschwader 26 with its late Version Bf 109G/K and Jg 190A, Jagdgeschwader 27 with Messerschmitt Bf 109G/K and parts of Nachtjagdgeschwader 1 equipped with Bf 110 and He 219 were also based at Hopsten.
Towards the end of the war, Hopsten Air Base was a frequent target for allied air raids. But due to the extremely heavy air defence - with up to 500 AAA guns based in the vicinity of the base - and the fast repairs done to the runways, it remained relatively intact. Good camouflage and widely dispersed aircraft parking kept the airfield operational until the occupation by British troops. During the last days of the war, German units destroyed the infrastructure and made the airfield useless. The hand-over of Hopsten AB to advancing allied troops happened without further fighting on April 6, 1945. The Allies decided to abandon the area, as it could no longer be used for flying activities and handed it back to the local population for agricultural use.
After the complete collapse of the regime of the so-called "Third Reich", and the subsequent division of Germany among the victorious nations, the territories of the three western occupied zones saw the formation of the Federal Republic of Germany with a liberal and democratic fundamental order and the GDR (German Democratic Republic) ruled by a social-communist government intensively linked to the Soviet Union. Ten years after the war, the young Federal Republic, under the control of the Western Powers, formed its own Armed Forces to defend the democratic principles and freedom. In 1956, only a few months after the establishment of the Bundeswehr, the new Luftwaffe began to set up new units and therefore needed airfields. In 1959, three years later, the German Defence Ministry decided to use the area of the former Hopsten AB to build the youngest base of the Luftwaffe on an area of land measuring 306 acres.
Paid with NATO funds, specialized companies from the region were tasked to build a completely new air base to modern NATO Standards, The north to south runway was 3.000 meters long and 30 meters wide, was constructed between the villages of Dreierwalde and Hopsten in the North and Hörstel in the South. Ramp space, airfield infrastructure and roads, as well as a housing and administration complex in the city of Rheine eight kilometers away, were completed to new NATO Standards for Western Europe. The old name of Hopsten Air Base was maintained.
In April 1961, Jagdbombergeschwader 31 (Fighter Bomber Wing 31) at Nörvenich AB was tasked to provide a detachment of 40 men with the necessary equipment. These “men of the first hour” of Jagdbombergeschwader 36 were to work hard to improvise, under the command of the first CO Major Wilhelm Meyn. Improvisation was the rule of the day. For instance, as only one tool kit was available it was soon found out that certain screws on the F-84F "Thunderstreak" could also be turned with coins.

WEB: http://www.etnp.de/Seite46-Geschichte-UK/Seite46-Geschichte-UK.htm


Images and information placed above are from http://www.sideka.de/referenzen/hopsten.html
http://www.etnp.de/Seite46-Geschichte-UK/Seite46-Geschichte-UK.htm
We thank them for the data!


General Info
Country Germany
ICAO ID ETNP
Time UTC+1(+2DT)
Latitude 52.338667
52° 20' 19.20" N
Longitude 7.541333
007° 32' 28.80" E
Elevation 129 feet
39 meters
Type Military
Magnetic Variation 000° E (01/05)
Beacon Yes
Operating Agency GERMAN AIR FORCE
Near City Rheine
Operating Hours SEE REMARKS FOR OPERATING HOURS OR COMMUNICATIONS FOR POSSIBLE HOURS
International Clearance Status Airport of Entry
Daylight Savings Time Last Sunday in March to last Sunday in October


Communications
TWR 122.1
315.6
257.8
RADAR APP
(123.3 Rhein-Bentlage APP)
135.6
277.05
338.0
344.0
385.4


Runways
ID
Dimensions Surface PCN ILS
01/19 8005 x 98 feet
2440 x 30 meters
CONCRETE. - NO


Navaids
Type ID Name Channel Freq Distance From Field Bearing From Navaid
TACAN HOP HOPSTEN 027X - At Field -


Supplies/Equipment
Fuel JP-8, SemiKeroscene MIL Spec T-83133, without icing inhibitor
Oil O-133, 1010, jet Engine Oil (MIL l 6081)

O-147, MIL L 6085A Lubrication Oil, Instrument Synthetic

O-148, MIL L 7808 (Synthetic Base), Turboprop/Turboshaft Engine

O-156, MIL L 23699 (Synthetic Base)Turboprop/Turboshaft Engine
Other Fluids LHOX, Low and high pressure oxygen servicing

LOX, Liquid oxygen servicing
JASU RST-180
75kva AC 115/200v 400hz AIR 145-155lb/min at 47-51 psi


Remarks
A-GEAR Apch end engagement O/R.
CAUTION Gldr act only in VMC 0800Z++-SS+30, 3 NM rad of Rheine-Eschendorf, pilots are advs to avoid this area. Rwy, twy and apn S of ARP are camouflaged green colored.
FLUID LHOX LOX
FUEL J8
MISC Fone C05971-9107, extn 2372.
OIL O-133-147-148-156
OPR HOURS Opr 0700-1600Z++ Mon-Thu, 0700-1100Z++ Fri, clsd hol.

Runway 01/19

8005 x 98 feet
2440 x 30 meters

Runway 01
Surface CONCRETE.
True Heading 006.0
Latitude 52.327667
52° 19' 39.60" N
Longitude 7.539333
007° 32' 21.60" E
Elevation 129.0 feet
39 meters
Slope 0.0°
Landing Distance 8005 feet
2440 meters
Takeoff Distance 8956 feet
2730 meters
Overrun Length 951 feet
290 meters
Overrun Surface CONCRETE.
Lighting System SF
HIRL
J
PAPI

Runway 19
Surface CONCRETE.
True Heading 186.0
Latitude 52.349500
52° 20' 58.20" N
Longitude 7.543333
007° 32' 36.00" E
Elevation 128.0 feet
39 meters
Slope 0.0°
Landing Distance 8005 feet
2440 meters
Takeoff Distance 8956 feet
2730 meters
Overrun Length 951 feet
290 meters
Overrun Surface CONCRETE.
Lighting System SF
HIRL
J
PAPI

Navaids

HOPSTEN
Type ID Channel Freq Country State
TACAN HOP 027X - Germany -
Latitude Longitude Airport
52.345000
52° 20' 42.00" N
7.539833
007° 32' 23.40" E
ETNP

 


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The content above was published at Airports-Worldwide.com in 2005.
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