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London Gatwick Airport

London Gatwick Airport

London's second airport has gone a long way towards shedding its old dependence on the leisure/charter business. It is now established as a major international hub and its owners BAA are currently investing more than GBP£100 million (USD$160 million) in the airport.

It hasn't completely shrugged off the sun 'n sand image but there is a growing network of scheduled services and business travelers now make up over a quarter of Gatwick's passengers. Their rising influence is being catered for by the introduction of a variety of fast track business facilities.

Although Gatwick is located 28 miles (45km) south of London it has fast rail and convenient road links and is a much easier place to navigate than its sprawling sister Heathrow.

Facilities at its two terminals - North and South - are good, particularly for those who count shopping as part of the travel experience but its growing popularity is also Gatwick's biggest problem. Now with over 31 million passengers each year it operates all flights from a single runway and is crying out for more capacity.

London Gatwick Airport photo

Gatwick has held the unwanted position as the UK's worst airport for delays, with charter traffic hold-ups averaging 46 minutes. A second runway is needed but that will prove difficult to negotiate in these environmentally-conscious times.

Gatwick Airport History

From its earliest days Gatwick was an airport ahead of its time. Its first innovation was a direct link for passengers between the airport and the nearby rail station. Its second, 20 years later, was to build a covered pier from the terminal to aircraft stands, which became a standard feature of airport design.

For all its bright ideas Gatwick could boast no instant success in the pioneering era of civil aviation that was the 1930s.

It started life modestly in 1931 as a private airfield owned by Home Counties Aviation Services. Serious development was later carried out by Airports Limited and the first terminal, together with taxiways and aprons, was opened in 1936. Passengers arriving by train could walk into the airport through subways and covered walkways.

Like many pre-war airfields, however, Gatwick suffered from a lack of paved runways and was eventually abandoned by its principal airline operator in 1938. Gatwick's war time role as a Royal Air Force base saw it grow through the acquisition of the local racecourse but when it was returned to civil use in 1946 it was still basically a grass airfield.

Aircraft maintenance and a limited number of charter flights kept it ticking over but it added to its reputation for new thinking by housing the British European Airways helicopter base.

The big upturn in fortunes came in 1953 when the Government decreed Gatwick as London's second airport. The old airport was closed for major re-development. When it officially re-opened three years later Gatwick had been transformed into a modern facility. There was a 2000 feet runway, a terminal incorporating a rail station and a covered pier linking terminal with aircraft, the first of its kind in the UK.

Charter traffic became big business in the 1980s and with more than a million passengers then using Gatwick the terminal was extended and two more piers built. Despite the upturn Gatwick still ranked only fourth busiest of UK airports but British United Airways, then the main operator, was steadily introducing scheduled services.

Gatwick had ambitions beyond the charter market and those were finally realised in 1978 when it became a transatlantic gateway. By the time Delta, Braniff and British Caledonian, BUA's successor, started up their routes to the USA the airport had already extended its runway to handle the long haul jets and further improved the terminal.

Passenger traffic hit the 10 million mark in the 1980s and has continued to grow at a phenomenal rate, reaching over 32 million in 2000. A satellite to the original building, renamed the South Terminal, and the North Terminal have been opened as Gatwick established itself as Britain's second busiest airport and an international player.

As traffic continues on its upward path Gatwick is anxious to build a second runway to meet demand. It has run into implacable opposition but a history of successful innovation suggests a solution will be found.

London Gatwick Airport Gatwick Airport Ltd
Gatwick Airport,
Horley
Surrey
England
RH6 0NP

Tel: 0870-000 2468



WWW: http://www.airwise.com/airports/europe/LGW/index.html

London Gatwick Airport information
Comprehensive guide to Gatwick airport - airport parking, car rental and live flight information. Contact and terminal details with local information, travel advice and tourist links.
www.gatwickinformation.co.uk


Images and information placed above are from
http://www.airwise.com/airports/europe/LGW/index.html
We thank them for the data!





General Info
Country United Kingdom
ICAO ID EGKK
Time UTC 0(+1DT)
Latitude 51.148056
51° 08' 53.00" N
Longitude -0.190278
000° 11' 25.00" W
Elevation 196 feet
60 meters
Type Civil
Magnetic Variation 002° W (01/05)
Operating Agency CIVIL GOVERNMENT, (LANDING FEES AND DIPLOMATIC CLEARANCE MAY BE REQUIRED)
Near City London
Operating Hours 24 HOUR OPERATIONS
International Clearance Status Airport of Entry
Daylight Savings Time Last Sunday in March to last Sunday in October


Communications
TWR 124.225
134.225
(134.225 when instr by ATC)
GND
Opr 0530-2300Z (0400-2300Z sum).
121.8
CLNC DEL
0630-2100Z (0500-2100Z sum), or as drct.
121.95
ATIS 136.525
APP
Call DIRECTOR
126.825
118.95
129.025
(118.95, 129.025, 135.575 when instr by ATC)
Communications Remarks  
CLD For gnd movement planning dur opr hr, departing acft must use 121.95 for initialcall.


Runways
ID Dimensions Surface PCN ILS
08R/26L 10364 x 148 feet
3159 x 45 meters
ASPHALT 078RBWT YES
08L/26R 8415 x 148 feet
2565 x 45 meters
ASPHALT 076RBWT NO


Navaids
Type ID Name Channel Freq Distance From Field Bearing From Navaid
NDB GY GATWICK - 365 4.9 NM 080.6


Supplies/Equipment
Fuel Jet A1+, Jet A1 with icing inhibitor.


Remarks
FUEL (NC-A1)
RSTD PPR to mil acft. Rpt LDA Rwy 26L 9288'.

Runway 08R/26L

10364 x 148 feet
3159 x 45 meters

Runway 08R
Surface ASPHALT
True Heading 078.0
Latitude 51.145111
51° 08' 42.40" N
Longitude -0.212314
000° 12' 44.33" W
Landing Distance 9076 feet
2766 meters
Takeoff Distance 10364 feet
3159 meters
Displaced Threshold Length 1288 feet
393 meters
Overrun Surface CONCRETE.
Lighting System TDZL
CL
HIRL
J
PAPI

Runway 26L
Surface ASPHALT
True Heading 258.0
Latitude 51.151189
51° 09' 04.28" N
Longitude -0.168192
000° 10' 05.49" W
Landing Distance 9486 feet
2891 meters
Takeoff Distance 10364 feet
3159 meters
Displaced Threshold Length 878 feet
268 meters
Overrun Surface CONCRETE.
Lighting System TDZL
CL
HIRL
J
PAPI

Runway 08L/26R

8415 x 148 feet
2565 x 45 meters

Runway 08L
Surface ASPHALT
True Heading 078.0
Latitude 51.146911
51° 08' 48.88" N
Longitude -0.212569
000° 12' 45.25" W
Landing Distance 7362 feet
2244 meters
Takeoff Distance 8415 feet
2565 meters
Displaced Threshold Length 1053 feet
321 meters
Lighting System HIRL
M
PAPI

Runway 26R
Surface ASPHALT
True Heading 258.0
Latitude 51.151800
51° 09' 06.48" N
Longitude -0.176814
000° 10' 36.53" W
Landing Distance 7049 feet
2149 meters
Takeoff Distance 8415 feet
2565 meters
Displaced Threshold Length 1366 feet
416 meters
Lighting System HIRL
M
PAPI

Navaids

GATWICK
Type ID Channel Freq Country State
NDB GY - 365 United Kingdom -
Latitude Longitude Airport
51.130653
51° 07' 50.35" N
-0.315956
000° 18' 57.44" W
EGKK



Thanks to: worldaerodata.com

The content above was published at Airports-Worldwide.com in 2005.
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